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Therapeutic Yoga Pocketguide

Fast Facts

  • A survey conducted by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine (NCCIM) found that yoga is one of the most sought after and used forms of complementary medicine.
  • According to NCCIM, people who seek the use of yoga to address back pain report after six months of practicing yoga significantly less disability, pain and depression than patients who are only using conventional care.
  • The U.S. Military has adopted yoga as one of many mind-body therapies used in training service members and for the military community as a whole for healing and resilience.

What is Therapeutic Yoga?

Numerous studies attest to the benefits of yoga, the centuries-old mind-body practice, on a wide range of health-related conditions—particularly stress, mental health, and pain management.

This has led to the development of a new form of yoga: therapeutic yoga. In therapeutic yoga, traditional yoga postures are applied to treat chronic health conditions. Practitioners receive additional training in anatomy, physiology, psychology, and other medically related topics.

Most therapeutic yoga professionals work or affiliate in hospital or clinical settings and work one-on-one with patients.

What Conditions Does Therapeutic Yoga Treat?

The most common conditions yoga therapists see are anxiety, back and neck pain, joint pain and stiffness, and hypertension.

What is the Evidence?

Studies find therapeutic yoga practice can relieve stress; lower breathing and heart rate; reduce blood pressure and cortisol levels; and improve quality of life. The stretching and flexibility that comes with yoga practice provides pain relief, with studies demonstrating its benefits in patients with arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and back pain. It has also been shown to improve anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, major depression, and insomnia.

Significant benefits of yoga were reported in arthritis and other musculoskeletal disorders, as well as in cardiovascular endurance in healthy individuals. In patients with COPD and asthma, yoga programs focused on breath control and meditation significantly improve objective measures of lung function.

There is also good evidence that yoga practice mitigates risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including weight and blood pressure.

Some of the best medical centers in the country now offer yoga therapy, including the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and the Mayo and Cleveland Clinics.

How do I find a quality practitioner?

The International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT) sets educational standards (PDF) for the training of yoga therapists and accredits training facilities. Standards include 90 hours of training in anatomy and physiology, as well as 45 hours devoted to learning about commonly used drugs and surgical procedures they may encounter, common medical terminology, psychology, and mental health.

Overall, therapeutic yoga instructors must complete a minimum of 800 hours of training over two years, most which must be provided in person, not remotely. This includes a minimum of 205 hours as a practicum.

You can find members of IAYT here. The organization recently began a certification program.

Does insurance cover it?

Few commercial insurance providers cover therapeutic yoga. Some insurance companies provide discounts if you attend classes run by a specific company or organization.

Are there precautions, side effects or safety concerns I should be aware of before I start a yoga practice?

Supervision of a practitioner properly trained for your health conditions will mitigate risks. Certain poses should be modified or avoided for:

  • Women who are pregnant
  • People with certain medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, glaucoma, and sciatica
  • Chronic pain patients who can be injured from too rapid or strenuous practice

Side Effects

  • Although rare, certain types of stroke as well as pain from nerve damage are among the possible side effects of
    practicing yoga.
  • Minor side effects include
    – Dizziness
    – Fatigue
    – Weakness
    – Nausea
    – Heat Exhaustion

Talk to your doctor

Let your medical providers know that you would like to include therapeutic yoga in the tools you are using to improve your health.


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  • Bharshankar JR, Bharshankar RN, Deshpande VN, Kaore SB, Gosavi GB. Effect of yoga on cardiovascular system in subjects above 40 years. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2003;47(2):202-206.
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  • Huang AJ, Rowen TS, Abercrombie P, et al. Development and Feasibility of a Group Based Therapeutic Yoga Program for Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain. Pain Med. 2017.
  • Muhammad CM, Moonaz SH. Yoga as Therapy for Neurodegenerative Disorders: A Case Report of Therapeutic Yoga for Adrenomyeloneuropathy. Integr Med (Encinitas). 2014;13(3):33-39.
  • Rogers KA, MacDonald M. Therapeutic Yoga: Symptom Management for Multiple Sclerosis. J Altern Complement Med. 2015;21(11):655-659.
  • Schmid AA, Miller KK, Van Puymbroeck M, DeBaun-Sprague E. Yoga leads to multiple physical improvements after stroke, a pilot study. Complement Ther Med. 2014;22(6):994-1000.
  • Vizcaino M. Hatha yoga practice for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: a pilot study. Int J Yoga Therap. 2013(23):59-65.

Topics: Depression | Pain | Yoga

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